You may be more familiar with the term Manic Depression.  The change from Manic Depression to Bipolar Disorder occurred in 1980, largely due to the stigmatization and emotionally charged language associated with Manic Depression.  It was also used for a broad array of mental health conditions, and the renaming provided clarity and is considered a more clinical term.

There are two types of Bipolar Disorder – type I or type 2.  Bipolar Disorder type I is diagnosed if you have had a Major Depressive Episode and either a Manic or Mixed Episode or if you have had a Manic or Mixed Episode without ever experiencing a Depressive Episode.  Bipolar Disorder type II is diagnosed if you have experienced a Major Depressive Episode and a Hypomanic episode.  Some of you might have fluctuated between mild depression and Hypomania.  If this is the case, a psychologist would likely use the diagnosis of Cyclothymic Disorder.

Symptoms of Mania or Hypomania

  • Abnormally and persistently happy and optimistic mood or irritable mood.
  • Decreased need for sleep.
  • More talkative than usual or pressure to keep talking.
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